Home » Services » 图书馆服务指南 » 中华人民共和国仲裁法(附英文)

中华人民共和国仲裁法(附英文)

 

【时效性】 有效

 

【颁布单位】 全国人大常委会

 

【颁布日期】 19940831

 

【实施日期】 19950901

 

【失效日期】

 

【内容分类】 民事诉讼法

 

【文号】 主席令第三十一号

 

【名称】 中华人民共和国仲裁法

【名称】 Arbitration Law of the

People’s Republic of China

 

【题注】 1994年8月31日第八届全国人民代表大会常务委员

会第九次会议通过

【章名】 目 录 第一章 总 则 第二章 仲裁委员

会和仲裁协会 第三章 仲裁协议 第四章 仲裁程序 第一节 申请和受

理 第二节 仲裁庭的组成 第三节 开庭和裁决 第五章 申请撤销裁决

第六章 执 行 第七章 涉外仲裁的特别规定 第八章 附 则

 

【章名】

第一章 总 则

第一条 为保证公正、及时地仲裁经济纠纷,保护当事

人的合法权益,保障社会主义市场经济健康发展,制定本法。

第二条

平等主体的公民、法人和其他组织之间发生的合同纠纷和其他财产权

益纠纷,可以仲裁。

第三条 下列纠纷不能仲裁: (一)婚姻、收养

、监护、扶养、继承纠纷; (二)依法应当由行政机关处理的行政

争议。

第四条 当事人采用仲裁方式解决纠纷,应当双方自愿,达成

仲裁协议。没有仲裁协议,一方申请仲裁的,仲裁委员会不予受理。

 

第五条 当事人达成仲裁协议,一方向人民法院起诉的,人民法院不

予受理,但仲裁协议无效的除外。

第六条 仲裁委员会应当由当事人

协议选定。仲裁不实行级别管辖和地域管辖。

第七条 仲裁应当根据

事实,符合法律规定,公平合理地解决纠纷。

第八条 仲裁依法独立

进行,不受行政机关、社会团体和个人的干涉。

第九条 仲裁实行一

裁终局的制度。裁决作出后,当事人就同一纠纷再申请仲裁或者向人

民法院起诉的,仲裁委员会或者人民法院不予受理。裁决被人民法院

依法裁定撤销或者不予执行的,当事人就该纠纷可以根据双方重新达

成的仲裁协议申请仲裁,也可以向人民法院起诉。

 

【章名】

第二章

仲裁委员会和仲裁协会

第十条 仲裁委员会可以在直辖市和省、自治

区人民政府所在地的市设立,也可以根据需要在其他设区的市设立,

不按行政区划层层设立。仲裁委员会由前款规定的市的人民政府组织

有关部门和商会统一组建。设立仲裁委员会,应当经省、自治区、直

辖市的司法行政部门登记。

第十一条 仲裁委员会应当具备下列条件

: (一)有自己的名称、住所和章程; (二)有必要的财产; (

三)有该委员会的组成人员; (四)有聘任的仲裁员。仲裁委员会

的章程应当依照本法制定。

第十二条 仲裁委员会由主任一人、副主

任二至四人和委员七至十一人组成。仲裁委员会的主任、副主任和委

员由法律、经济贸易专家和有实际工作经验的人员担任。仲裁委员会

的组成人员中,法律、经济贸易专家不得少于三分之二。

第十三条

仲裁委员会应当从公道正派的人员中聘任仲裁员。仲裁员应当符合下

列条件之一: (一)从事仲裁工作满八年的; (二)从事律师工作

满八年的; (三)曾任审判员满八年的; (四)从事法律研究、教

学工作并具有高级职称的; (五)具有法律知识、从事经济贸易等

专业工作并具有高级职称或者具有同等专业水平的。仲裁委员会按照

不同专业设仲裁员名册。

第十四条 仲裁委员会独立于行政机关,与

行政机关没有隶属关系。仲裁委员会之间也没有隶属关系。

第十五条

中国仲裁协会是社会团体法人。仲裁委员会是中国仲裁协会的会员。

中国仲裁协会的章程由全国会员大会制定。中国仲裁协会是仲裁委员

会的自律性组织,根据章程对仲裁委员会及其组成人员、仲裁员的违

纪行为进行监督。中国仲裁协会依照本法和民事诉讼法的有关规定制

定仲裁规则。

 

【章名】

第三章 仲裁协议

第十六条 仲裁协议包括合

同中订立的仲裁条款和以其他书面方式在纠纷发生前或者纠纷发生后

达成的请求仲裁的协议。仲裁协议应当具有下列内容: (一)请求

仲裁的意思表示; (二)仲裁事项; (三)选定的仲裁委员会。

十七条 有下列情形之一的,仲裁协议无效: (一)约定的仲裁事项

超出法律规定的仲裁范围的; (二)无民事行为能力人或者限制民

事行为能力人订立的仲裁协议; (三)一方采取胁迫手段,迫使对

方订立仲裁协议的。

第十八条 仲裁协议对仲裁事项或者仲裁委员会

没有约定或者约定不明确的,当事人可以补充协议;达不成补充协议

的,仲裁协议无效。

第十九条 仲裁协议独立存在,合同的变更、解

除、终止或者无效,不影响仲裁协议的效力。仲裁庭有权确认合同的

效力。

第二十条 当事人对仲裁协议的效力有异议的,可以请求仲裁

委员会作出决定或者请求人民法院作出裁定。一方请求仲裁委员会作

出决定,另一方请求人民法院作出裁定的,由人民法院裁定。当事人

对仲裁协议的效力有异议,应当在仲裁庭首次开庭前提出。

【章名】

 

第四章 仲裁程序

【章名】

第一节 申请和受理

第二十一条 当事人

申请仲裁应当符合下列条件: (一)有仲裁协议; (二)有具体的

仲裁请求和事实、理由; (三)属于仲裁委员会的受理范围。

第二

十二条 当事人申请仲裁,应当向仲裁委员会递交仲裁协议、仲裁申

请书及副本。

第二十三条 仲裁申请书应当载明下列事项: (一)当

事人的姓名、性别、年龄、职业、工作单位和住所,法人或者其他组

织的名称、住所和法定代表人或者主要负责人的姓名、职务; (二

)仲裁请求和所根据的事实、理由; (三)证据和证据来源、证人

姓名和住所。

第二十四条 仲裁委员会收到仲裁申请书之日起五日内

,认为符合受理条件的,应当受理,并通知当事人;认为不符合受理

条件的,应当书面通知当事人不予受理,并说明理由。

第二十五条

仲裁委员会受理仲裁申请后,应当在仲裁规则规定的期限内将仲裁规

则和仲裁员名册送达申请人,并将仲裁申请书副本和仲裁规则、仲裁

员名册送达被申请人。被申请人收到仲裁申请书副本后,应当在仲裁

规则规定的期限内向仲裁委员会提交答辩书。仲裁委员会收到答辩书

后,应当在仲裁规则规定的期限内将答辩书副本送达申请人。被申请

人未提交答辩书的,不影响仲裁程序的进行。

第二十六条 当事人达

成仲裁协议,一方向人民法院起诉未声明有仲裁协议,人民法院受理

后,另一方在首次开庭前提交仲裁协议的,人民法院应当驳回起诉,

但仲裁协议无效的除外;另一方在首次开庭前未对人民法院受理该案

提出异议的,视为放弃仲裁协议,人民法院应当继续审理。

第二十

七条 申请人可以放弃或者变更仲裁请求。被申请人可以承认或者反

驳仲裁请求,有权提出反请求。

第二十八条 一方当事人因另一方当

事人的行为或者其他原因,可能使裁决不能执行或者难以执行的,可

以申请财产保全。当事人申请财产保全的,仲裁委员会应当将当事人

的申请依照民事诉讼法的有关规定提交人民法院。申请有错误的,申

请人应当赔偿被申请人因财产保全所遭受的损失。

第二十九条 当事

人、法定代理人可以委托律师和其他代理人进行仲裁活动。委托律师

和其他代理人进行仲裁活动的,应当向仲裁委员会提交授权委托书。

 

【章名】

第二节 仲裁庭的组成

第三十条 仲裁庭可以由三名仲裁员

或者一名仲裁员组成。由三名仲裁员组成的,设首席仲裁员。

第三十

一条 当事人约定由三名仲裁员组成仲裁庭的,应当各自选定或者各

自委托仲裁委员会主任指定一名仲裁员,

第三名仲裁员由当事人共同

选定或者共同委托仲裁委员会主任指定。

第三名仲裁员是首席仲裁员

。当事人约定由一名仲裁员成立仲裁庭的,应当由当事人共同选定或

者共同委托仲裁委员会主任指定仲裁员。

第三十二条 当事人没有在

仲裁规则规定的期限内约定仲裁庭的组成方式或者选定仲裁员的,由

仲裁委员会主任指定。

第三十三条 仲裁庭组成后,仲裁委员会应当

将仲裁庭的组成情况书面通知当事人。

第三十四条 仲裁员有下列情

形之一的,必须回避,当事人也有权提出回避申请: (一)是本案

当事人或者当事人、代理人的近亲属; (二)与本案有利害关系;

(三)与本案当事人、代理人有其他关系,可能影响公正仲裁的;

(四)私自会见当事人、代理人,或者接受当事人、代理人的请客送

礼的。

第三十五条 当事人提出回避申请,应当说明理由,在首次开

庭前提出。回避事由在首次开庭后知道的,可以在最后一次开庭终结

前提出。

第三十六条 仲裁员是否回避,由仲裁委员会主任决定;仲

裁委员会主任担任仲裁员时,由仲裁委员会集体决定。

第三十七条

仲裁员因回避或者其他原因不能履行职责的,应当依照本法规定重新

选定或者指定仲裁员。因回避而重新选定或者指定仲裁员后,当事人

可以请求已进行的仲裁程序重新进行,是否准许,由仲裁庭决定;仲

裁庭也可以自行决定已进行的仲裁程序是否重新进行。

第三十八条

仲裁员有本法

第三十四条

第四项规定的情形,情节严重的,或者有本

第五十八条

第六项规定的情形的,应当依法承担法律责任,仲裁委

员会应当将其除名。

【章名】

第三节 开庭和裁决

第三十九条 仲

裁应当开庭进行。当事人协议不开庭的,仲裁庭可以根据仲裁申请书

、答辩书以及其他材料作出裁决。

第四十条 仲裁不公开进行。当事

人协议公开的,可以公开进行,但涉及国家秘密的除外。

第四十一条

仲裁委员会应当在仲裁规则规定的期限内将开庭日期通知双方当事人

。当事人有正当理由的,可以在仲裁规则规定的期限内请求延期开庭

。是否延期,由仲裁庭决定。

第四十二条 申请人经书面通知,无正

当理由不到庭或者未经仲裁庭许可中途退庭的,可以视为撤回仲裁申

请。被申请人经书面通知,无正当理由不到庭或者未经仲裁庭许可中

途退庭的,可以缺席裁决。

第四十三条 当事人应当对自己的主张提

供证据。仲裁庭认为有必要收集的证据,可以自行收集。

第四十四条

仲裁庭对专门性问题认为需要鉴定的,可以交由当事人约定的鉴定部

门鉴定,也可以由仲裁庭指定的鉴定部门鉴定。根据当事人的请求或

者仲裁庭的要求,鉴定部门应当派鉴定人参加开庭。当事人经仲裁庭

许可,可以向鉴定人提问。

第四十五条 证据应当在开庭时出示,当

事人可以质证。

第四十六条 在证据可能灭失或者以后难以取得的情

况下,当事人可以申请证据保全。当事人申请证据保全的,仲裁委员

会应当将当事人的申请提交证据所在地的基层人民法院。

第四十七条

当事人在仲裁过程中有权进行辩论。辩论终结时,首席仲裁员或者独

任仲裁员应当征询当事人的最后意见。

第四十八条 仲裁庭应当将开

庭情况记入笔录。当事人和其他仲裁参与人认为对自己陈述的记录有

遗漏或者差错的,有权申请补正。如果不予补正,应当记录该申请。

笔录由仲裁员、记录人员、当事人和其他仲裁参与人签名或者盖章。

 

第四十九条 当事人申请仲裁后,可以自行和解。达成和解协议的,

可以请求仲裁庭根据和解协议作出裁决书,也可以撤回仲裁申请。

五十条 当事人达成和解协议,撤回仲裁申请后反悔的,可以根据仲

裁协议申请仲裁。

第五十一条 仲裁庭在作出裁决前,可以先行调解

。当事人自愿调解的,仲裁庭应当调解。调解不成的,应当及时作出

裁决。调解达成协议的,仲裁庭应当制作调解书或者根据协议的结果

制作裁决书。调解书与裁决书具有同等法律效力。

第五十二条 调解

书应当写明仲裁请求和当事人协议的结果。调解书由仲裁员签名,加

盖仲裁委员会印章,送达双方当事人。 调解书经双方当事人签收后

,即发生法律效力。在调解书签收前当事人反悔的,仲裁庭应当及时

作出裁决。

第五十三条 裁决应当按照多数仲裁员的意见作出,少数

仲裁员的不同意见可以记入笔录。仲裁庭不能形成多数意见时,裁决

应当按照首席仲裁员的意见作出。

第五十四条 裁决书应当写明仲裁

请求、争议事实、裁决理由、裁决结果、仲裁费用的负担和裁决日期

。当事人协议不愿写明争议事实和裁决理由的,可以不写。裁决书由

仲裁员签名,加盖仲裁委员会印章。对裁决持不同意见的仲裁员,可

以签名,也可以不签名。

第五十五条 仲裁庭仲裁纠纷时,其中一部

分事实已经清楚,可以就该部分先行裁决。

第五十六条 对裁决书中

的文字、计算错误或者仲裁庭已经裁决但在裁决书中遗漏的事项,仲

裁庭应当补正;当事人自收到裁决书之日起三十日内,可以请求仲裁

庭补正。

第五十七条 裁决书自作出之日起发生法律效力。

【章名】

 

第五章 申请撤销裁决

第五十八条 当事人提出证据证明裁决有下列

情形之一的,可以向仲裁委员会所在地的中级人民法院申请撤销裁决

: (一)没有仲裁协议的; (二)裁决的事项不属于仲裁协议的范

围或者仲裁委员会无权仲裁的; (三)仲裁庭的组成或者仲裁的程

序违反法定程序的; (四)裁决所根据的证据是伪造的; (五)对

方当事人隐瞒了足以影响公正裁决的证据的; (六)仲裁员在仲裁

该案时有索贿受贿,徇私舞弊,枉法裁决行为的。人民法院经组成合

议庭审查核实裁决有前款规定情形之一的,应当裁定撤销。人民法院

认定该裁决违背社会公共利益的,应当裁定撤销。

第五十九条 当事

人申请撤销裁决的,应当自收到裁决书之日起六个月内提出。

第六十

条 人民法院应当在受理撤销裁决申请之日起两个月内作出撤销裁决

或者驳回申请的裁定。

第六十一条 人民法院受理撤销裁决的申请后

,认为可以由仲裁庭重新仲裁的,通知仲裁庭在一定期限内重新仲裁

,并裁定中止撤销程序。仲裁庭拒绝重新仲裁的,人民法院应当裁定

恢复撤销程序。

【章名】

第六章 执 行

第六十二条 当事人应当履

行裁决。一方当事人不履行的,另一方当事人可以依照民事诉讼法的

有关规定向人民法院申请执行。受申请的人民法院应当执行。

第六十

三条 被申请人提出证据证明裁决有民事诉讼法

第二百一十七条

第二

款规定的情形之一的,经人民法院组成合议庭审查核实,裁定不予执

行。

第六十四条 一方当事人申请执行裁决,另一方当事人申请撤销

裁决的,人民法院应当裁定中止执行。人民法院裁定撤销裁决的,应

当裁定终结执行。撤销裁决的申请被裁定驳回的,人民法院应当裁定

恢复执行。

【章名】

第七章 涉外仲裁的特别规定

第六十五条 涉外

经济贸易、运输和海事中发生的纠纷的仲裁,适用本章规定。本章没

有规定的,适用本法其他有关规定。

第六十六条 涉外仲裁委员会可

以由中国国际商会组织设立。涉外仲裁委员会由主任一人、副主任若

干人和委员若干人组成。涉外仲裁委员会的主任、副主任和委员可以

由中国国际商会聘任。

第六十七条 涉外仲裁委员会可以从具有法律

、经济贸易、科学技术等专门知识的外籍人士中聘任仲裁员。

第六十

八条 涉外仲裁的当事人申请证据保全的,涉外仲裁委员会应当将当

事人的申请提交证据所在地的中级人民法院。

第六十九条 涉外仲裁

的仲裁庭可以将开庭情况记入笔录,或者作出笔录要点,笔录要点可

以由当事人和其他仲裁参与人签字或者盖章。

第七十条 当事人提出

证据证明涉外仲裁裁决有民事诉讼法

第二百六十条

第一款规定的情形

之一的,经人民法院组成合议庭审查核实,裁定撤销。

第七十一条

被申请人提出证据证明涉外仲裁裁决有民事诉讼法

第二百六十条

第一

款规定的情形之一的,经人民法院组成合议庭审查核实,裁定不予执

行。

第七十二条 涉外仲裁委员会作出的发生法律效力的仲裁裁决,

当事人请求执行的,如果被执行人或者其财产不在中华人民共和国领

域内,应当由当事人直接向有管辖权的外国法院申请承认和执行。

七十三条 涉外仲裁规则可以由中国国际商会依照本法和民事诉讼法

的有关规定制定。

【章名】

第八章 附 则

第七十四条 法律对仲裁

时效有规定的,适用该规定。法律对仲裁时效没有规定的,适用诉讼

时效的规定。

第七十五条 中国仲裁协会制定仲裁规则前,仲裁委员

会依照本法和民事诉讼法的有关规定可以制定仲裁暂行规则。

第七十

六条 当事人应当按照规定交纳仲裁费用。收取仲裁费用的办法,应

当报物价管理部门核准。

第七十七条 劳动争议和农业集体经济组织

内部的农业承包合同纠纷的仲裁,另行规定。

第七十八条 本法施行

前制定的有关仲裁的规定与本法的规定相抵触的,以本法为准。

第七

十九条 本法施行前在直辖市、省、自治区人民政府所在地的市和其

他设区的市设立的仲裁机构,应当依照本法的有关规定重新组建;未

重新组建的,自本法施行之日起届满一年时终止。 本法施行前设立

的不符合本法规定的其他仲裁机构,自本法施行之日起终止。

第八十

条 本法自1995年9月1日起施行。

【题注】 (Adopted at the

8th Session of the Standing Committee of the 8thNational

People’s Congress and Promulgated on August 31, 1994)

【章名

】 Whole document Arbitration Law of the People’s Republic

of China (Adopted at the 8th Session of the Standing

Committee of the 8th National People’s Congress and

Promulgated on August 31, 1994)

【章名】 Chapter I General

Provisions Article 1 This Law is formulated in order to

ensure that economic disputes shall be impartially and

promptly arbitrated, to protect the legitimate rights and

interests of the relevant parties and to guarantee the

healthy development of the socialist market economy. Article

2 Disputes over contracts and disputes over property rights

and interests between citizens, legal persons and other

organizations as equal subjects of law may be submitted to

arbitration. Article 3 The following disputes shall not be

submitted to arbitration: 1. disputes over marriage,

adoption, guardianship, child maintenance and inheritance;

and 2. administrative disputes falling within the

jurisdiction of the relevant administrative organs according

to law. Article 4 The parties adopting arbitration for

dispute settlement shall reach an arbitration agreement on a

mutually voluntary basis. An arbitration commission shall

not accept an application for arbitration submitted by one

of the parties in the absence of an arbitration agreement.

Article 5 A people’s court shall not accept an action

initiated by one of the parties if the parties have

concluded an arbitration agreement, unless the arbitration

agreement is invalid. Article 6 An arbitration commission

shall be selected by the parties by agreement. The

jurisdiction by level system and the district jurisdiction

system shall not apply in arbitration. Article 7 Disputes

shall be fairly and reasonably settled by arbitration on the

basis of facts and in accordance with the relevant

provisions of law. Article 8 Arbitration shall be conducted

in accordance with the law, independent of any intervention

by administrative organs, social organizations or

individuals. Article 9 The single ruling system shall be

applied in arbitration. The arbitration commission shall not

accept any application for arbitration, nor shall a people’s

court accept any action submitted by the party in respect of

the same dispute after an arbitration award has already been

given in relation to that matter. If the arbitration award

is canceled or its enforcement has been disallowed by a

people’s court in accordance with the law, the parties may,

in accordance with a new arbitration agreement between them

in respect of the dispute, re-apply for arbitration or

initiate legal proceedings with the people’s court.

【章名】

Chapter II Arbitration Commissions and Arbitration

Association Article 10 Arbitration commissions may be

established in the municipalities directly under the Central

Government, in the municipalities where the people’s

governments of provinces and autonomous regions are located

or, if necessary, in other cities divided into districts.

Arbitration commissions shall not be established at each

level of the administrative divisions. The people’s

governments of the municipalities and cities specified in

the above paragraph shall organize the relevant departments

and the Chamber of Commerce for the formation of an

arbitration commission. The establishment of an arbitration

commission shall be registered with the judicial

administrative department of the relevant province,

autonomous region or municipalities directly under the

Central Government. Article 11 An arbitration commission

shall fulfil the following conditions: 1. it must have its

own name, domicile and Articles of Association; 2. it must

possess the necessary property; 3. it must have its own

members; and 4. it must have arbitrators for appointment.

The articles of association of the an arbitration commission

shall be formulated in accordance with this Law. Article 12

An arbitration commission shall comprise a chairman, two to

four vice-chairmen and seven to eleven members. The

chairman, vice-chairmen and members of an arbitration

commission must be persons specialized in law, economic and

trade and persons who have actual working experience. The

number of specialists in law, economic and trade shall not

be less than two-thirds of the members of an arbitration

association. Article 13 The arbitration commission shall

appoint fair and honest person as its arbitrators.

Arbitrators must fulfil one of the following conditions: 1.

they have been engaged in arbitration work for at least

eight years; 2. they have worked as a lawyer for at least

eight years; 3. they have been a judge for at least eight

years; 4. they are engaged in legal research or legal

teaching and in senior positions; and 5. they have legal

knowledge and are engaged in professional work relating to

economics and trade, and in senior positions or of the

equivalent professional level. The arbitration commission

shall establish a list of arbitrators according to different

professionals. Article 14 Arbitration commissions are

independent of administrative organs and there are no

subordinate relations with any administrative organs nor

between the different arbitration commissions. Article 15

The China Arbitration Association is a social organization

with the status of a legal person. Arbitration commissions

are members of the China Arbitration Association. The

Articles of Association of the China Arbitration Association

shall be formulated by the national general meeting of the

members. The China Arbitration Association is an

organization in charge of self-regulation of the arbitration

commissions. It shall conduct supervision over the conduct

(any breach of discipline) of the arbitration commissions

and their members and arbitrators in accordance with its

articles of association. The China Arbitration Association

shall formulate Arbitration Rules in accordance with this

Law and the Civil Procedure Law.

【章名】 Chapter III

Arbitration Agreement Article 16 An arbitration agreement

shall include the arbitration clauses provided in the

contract and any other written form of agreement concluded

before or after the disputes providing for submission to

arbitration. The following contents shall be included in an

arbitration agreement: 1. the expression of the parties’

wish to submit to arbitration; 2. the matters to be

arbitrated; and 3. the Arbitration Commission selected by

the parties. Article 17 An arbitration agreement shall be

invalid under any of the following circumstances: 1. matters

agreed upon for arbitration are beyond the scope of

arbitration prescribed by law; 2. an arbitration agreement

concluded by persons without or with limited capacity for

civil acts; and 3. one party forces the other party to sign

an arbitration agreement by means of duress. Article 18 If

the arbitration matters or the arbitration commission are

not agreed upon by the parties in the arbitration agreement,

or, if the relevant provisions are not clear, the parties

may supplement the agreement. If the parties fail to agree

upon the supplementary agreement, the arbitration agreement

shall be invalid. Article 19 An arbitration agreement shall

exist independently. Any changes to, rescission, termination

or invalidity of the contract shall not affect the validity

of the arbitration agreement. An arbitration tribunal has

the right to rule on the validity of a contract. Article 20

If the parties object to the validity of the arbitration

agreement, they may apply to the arbitration commission for

a decision or to a people’s court for a ruling. If one of

the parties submits to the arbitration commission for a

decision, but the other party applies to a people’s court

for a ruling, the people’s court shall give the ruling. If

the parties contest the validity of the arbitration

agreement, the objection shall be made before the start of

the first hearing of the arbitration tribunal.

【章名】

Chapter IV Arbitration Procedure

【章名】 Section 1:

Application and Acceptance for Arbitration Article 21 The

parties applying for arbitration shall fulfil the following

conditions: 1. they must have an arbitration agreement; 2.

they must have a specific claim with facts and argument on

which the claim is based; and 3. the arbitration must be

within the jurisdiction of the arbitration commission.

Article 22 The party applying for arbitration shall submit

to an arbitration commission the arbitration agreement, an

application for arbitration and copies thereof. Article 23

An arbitration application shall state clearly the

following: 1. the name, sex, age, occupation, work unit and

address of the party, the name address and legal

representative of the legal person or other organization and

the name and position of its person-in charge; 2. the

arbitration claim and the facts and argument on which the

claim is based; and 3. evidence and the source of evidence,

the name and address of the witness (es). Article 24 Within

5 days from the date of receiving the arbitration

application, the arbitration commission shall notify the

parties that it considers the conditions for acceptance have

been fulfilled, and that the application is accepted by it.

If the arbitration commission considers that the conditions

have not been fulfilled, it shall notify the parties in

writing of its rejection, stating its reasons. Article 25

Upon acceptance of an arbitration application, the

arbitration commission shall, within the time limit provided

by the Arbitration Rules, serve a copy of the Arbitration

Rules and the list of arbitrators on the applicant, and

serve a copy of the arbitration application, the Arbitration

Rules and the list of arbitrators on the respondent. Upon

receipt of a copy of the arbitration application, the

respondent shall, within the time limit prescribed by the

Arbitration Rules, submit its defence to the arbitration

commission. Upon receipt of the defence, the arbitration

commission shall, within the time limit prescribed by the

Arbitration Rules, serve a copy of the reply on the

applicant. The failure of the respondent to submit a defence

shall not affect the proceeding of the arbitration

procedures. Article 26 Where the parties had agreed on an

arbitration agreement, but one of the parties initiates an

action before a people’s court without stating the existence

of the arbitration agreement, the people’s court shall,

unless the arbitration agreement is invalid, reject the

action if the other party submits to the court the

arbitration agreement before the first hearing of the case.

If the other party fails to object to the hearing by the

people’s court before the first hearing, the arbitration

agreement shall be considered to have been waived by the

party and the people’s court shall proceed with the hearing.

Article 27 The applicant may abandon or alter his

arbitration claim. The respondent may accept the arbitration

claim or object to it. It has a right to make a

counterclaim. Article 28 A party may apply for property

preservation if, as the result of an act of the other party

or for some other reasons, it appears that an award may be

impossible or difficult to enforce. If one of the parties

applies for property preservation, the arbitration

commission shall submit to a people’s court the application

of the party in accordance with the relevant provisions of

the Civil Procedure Law. If a property preservation order is

unfounded, the applicant shall compensate the party against

whom the order was made for any losses sustained as a result

of the implementation of the property preservation order.

Article 29 The parties and their legal representatives may

appoint lawyers or engage agents to handle matters relating

to the arbitration. In the event that a lawyer or an agent

is appointed to handle the arbitration matters, a letter of

authorization shall be submitted to the arbitration

commission.

【章名】 Section 2: Composition of the

Arbitration Tribunal Article 30 An arbitration tribunal may

comprise three arbitrators or one arbitrator. If an

arbitration tribunal comprises three arbitrators, a

presiding arbitrator shall be appointed. Article 31 If the

parties agree to form an arbitration tribunal comprising

three arbitrators, each party shall select or authorize the

chairmen of the arbitration commission to appoint one

arbitrator. The third arbitrator shall be selected jointly

by the parties or be nominated by the chairman of the

arbitration commission in accordance with a joint mandate

given by the parties. The third arbitrator shall be the

presiding arbitrator. If the parties agree to have one

arbitrator to form an arbitration tribunal, the arbitrator

shall be selected jointly by the parties or be nominated by

the chairman of the arbitration commission in accordance

with a joint mandate given by the parties. Article 32 If the

parties fail, within the time limit prescribed by the

Arbitration Rules, to select the form of the constitution of

the arbitration tribunal or fail to select the arbitrators,

the arbitrators shall be appointed by the chairman of the

arbitration commission. Article 33 After the arbitration

tribunal is constituted, the arbitration commission shall

notify the parties in writing of the composition of the

arbitration tribunal. Article 34 In any of the following

circumstances, an arbitrator must withdraw from the

arbitration, and the parties shall have the right to apply

for his withdrawal if he: 1. is a party or a close relative

of a party or of a party’s representative; 2. is related in

the case; 3. has some other relationship with a party to the

case or with a party’s agent which could possibly affect the

impartiality of the arbitration; 4. meets a party or his

agent in private, accepts an invitation for dinner by a

party or his representative or accepts gifts presented by

any of them. Article 35 When applying for the withdrawal of

an arbitrator, the petitioning party shall state his reasons

and submit a withdrawal application before the first

hearing. A withdrawal application may also be submitted

before the conclusion of the last hearing if reasons for the

withdrawal only became known after the start of the first

hearing. Article 36 Whether an arbitrator is withdrawn or

not shall be determined by the chairman of the arbitration

commission. If chairman is serving as an arbitrator, the

withdrawal or not shall be determined collectively by the

arbitration commission. Article 37 If an arbitrator is

unable to perform his duties as an arbitrator as a result of

the withdrawal or any other reasons, another arbitrator

shall be selected or appointed in accordance with the

provisions of this Law. After a replaced arbitrator has been

selected or appointed following the withdrawal of an

arbitrator, the parties may apply to resume the arbitration

procedure. The arbitration tribunal shall determine whether

the resumption of the procedure may be allowed. The

arbitration tribunal may determine on its own whether the

arbitration procedure shall be resumed. Article 38 An

arbitrator involved in one of the circumstances described in

Item 4, Article 34, if it is serious, or those described in

Item 6, Article 58, such arbitrator shall be legally liable

in accordance with the law. The arbitration commission shall

remove his name from the list of arbitrators.

【章名】

Section 3: Hearing and Arbitral Awards Article 39 An

arbitration tribunal shall hold a tribunal session to hear

an arbitration case. If the parties agree not to hold a

hearing, the arbitration tribunal may render an award in

accordance with the arbitration application, the defence

statement and other documents. Article 40 An arbitration

shall not be conducted in public. If the parties agree to a

public hearing, the arbitration may proceed in public,

except those concerning state secrets. Article 41 The

arbitration commission shall notify the two parties within

the time limit provided by the Arbitration Rules of the date

of the hearing. Either party may request to postpone the

hearing with in the time limit provided by the Arbitration

Rules if there is a genuine reason. The arbitration tribunal

shall decide whether to postpone the hearing. Article 42 If

the applicant for arbitration who has been given a notice in

writing does not appear before the tribunal without good

reasons, or leaves the tribunal room during a hearing

without the permission of the arbitration tribunal, such

applicant shall be deemed as having withdrawn his

application. If the party against whom the application was

made was served with a notice in writing but does not appear

before the tribunal without due reasons or leaves the

tribunal room during a hearing without the permission of the

arbitration tribunal, an award by default may be given.

Article 43 The parties shall produce evidence in support of

their claims. An arbitration tribunal may collect on its own

evidence it considers necessary. Article 44 For specialized

matters, an arbitration tribunal may submit for appraisal to

an appraisal organ agreed upon by the parties or to the

appraisal organ appointed by the arbitration tribunal if it

deems such appraisal to be necessary. According to the claim

of the parties or the request of the arbitration tribunal,

the appraisal organ shall appoint an appraiser to

participate in the hearing. Upon the permission of the

arbitration tribunal, the parties may question the

appraiser. Article 45 Any evidence shall be produced at the

start of the hearing. The parties may challenge the validity

of such evidence. Article 46 In the event that the evidence

might be destroyed or if it would be difficult to obtain the

evidence later on, the parties may apply for the evidence to

be preserved. If the parties apply for such preservation,

the arbitration commission shall submit the application to

the basic-level people’s court of the place where the

evidence is located. Article 47 The parties have the right

to argue during an arbitration procedure. At the end of the

debate, the presiding arbitrator or the sole arbitrator

shall ask for the final opinion of the parties. Article 48

An arbitration tribunal shall make a written record of the

hearing. If the parties or other participants to the

arbitration consider that the record has omitted a part of

their statement or is incorrect in some other respect, they

shall have the right to request correction thereof. If no

correction is made, the request for correction shall be

noted in the written record. The arbitrators, recorder,

parties and other participants to the arbitration shall sign

or affix their seals to the record. Article 49 After the

submission of an arbitration application, the parties may

settle the dispute among themselves through conciliation. If

a conciliation agreement has been reached, the parties may

apply to the arbitration tribunal for an award based on the

conciliation agreement. Then may also withdraw the

arbitration application. Article 50 If the parties fall back

on their words after the conclusion of a conciliation

agreement and the withdrawal of the arbitration application,

application may be made for arbitration in accordance with

the arbitration agreement. Article 51 Before giving an

award, an arbitration tribunal may first attempt to

conciliate. If the parties apply for conciliation

voluntarily, the arbitration tribunal shall conciliate. If

conciliation is unsuccessful, an award shall be made

promptly. When a settlement agreement is reached by

conciliation, the arbitration tribunal shall prepare the

conciliation statement or the award on the basis of the

results of the settlement agreement. A conciliation

statement shall have the same legal force as that of an

award. Article 52 A conciliation statement shall set forth

the arbitration claims and the results of the agreement

between the parties. The conciliation statement shall be

signed by the arbitrators, sealed by the arbitration

commission, and served on both parties. A conciliation

statement shall have legal effect once signed and accepted

by the parties. If the parties fall back on their words

before the conciliation statement is singed and accepted by

them, an award shall be made by the arbitration tribunal

promptly. Article 53 An award shall be based on the opinion

of the majority arbitrators. The opinion of the minority

arbitrators shall be recorded in writing. If an opinion of

the minority arbitrators shall be recorded in writing. If an

opinion of the majority arbitrators can not be constituted

at the tribunal, the award shall be given according to the

opinion of the presiding arbitrator. Article 54 The

arbitration claims, the matters in dispute, the grounds upon

which an award is given, the results of the judgement, the

responsibility for the arbitration fees and the date of the

award shall be set forth in the award. If the parties agree

not to include in the award the matters in dispute and the

grounds on which the award is based, such matters may not be

stated in the award. The award shall be signed by the

arbitrators and sealed by the arbitration commission. The

arbitrator who disagrees with the award may select to sign

or not to sign it. Article 55 During the course of

arbitration by an arbitration tribunal, where a part of

facts has been made clear, a partial award may first be

given in relation to that part. Article 56 The parties may,

within 30 days of the receipt of the award, request the

arbitration tribunal to correct any typographical errors,

calculation errors or matters which had been awarded but

omitted in the award. Article 57 An award shall be legally

effective on the date it is given.

【章名】 Chapter V

Application for Cancellation of an Award Article 58 The

parties may apply to the intermediate people’s court at the

place where the arbitration commission is located for

cancellation of an award if they provide evidence proving

that the award involves one of the following circumstances:

1. there is no arbitration agreement between the parties; 2.

the matters of the award are beyond the extent of the

arbitration agreement or not within the jurisdiction of the

arbitration commission; 3. the composition of the

arbitration tribunal or the arbitration procedure is in

contrary to the legal procedure; 4. the evidence on which

the award is based is falsified; 5. the other party has

concealed evidence which is sufficient to affect the

impartiality of the award; and 6. the arbitrator(s) has

(have) demanded or accepted bribes, committed graft or

perverted the law in making the arbitral award. The peoples’

court shall rule to cancel the award if the existence of one

of the circumstances prescribed in the preceding clause is

confirmed by its collegiate bench. The people’s court shall

rule to cancel the award if it holds that the award is

contrary to the social and public interests. Article 59 If a

party applies for cancellation of an award, an application

shall be submitted within 6 months after receipt of the

award. Article 60 The people’s court shall, within 2 months

after receipt of the application for cancellation of an

award, render its decision for cancellation of the award or

for rejection of the application. Article 61 If the people’s

court holds that the case may be re-arbitrated by the

arbitration tribunal after receipt of the application for

cancellation of an award, the court shall inform the

arbitration tribunal of re-arbitrating the case within a

certain period of time and rule to suspend the cancellation

procedure. If the arbitration tribunal refuses to

re-arbitrate, the people’s court shall rule to resume the

cancellation procedure.

【章名】 Chapter VI Enforcement

Article 62 The parties shall execute an arbitration award.

If one party fails to execute the award, the other party may

apply to a people’s court for enforcement in accordance with

the relevant provisions of the Civil Procedure Law, and the

court shall enforce the award. Article 63 A people’s court

shall, after examination and verification by its collegiate

bench, rule not to enforce an award if the party against

whom an application for enforcement is made provides

evidence proving that the award involves one of the

circumstances prescribed in Clause 2, Article 217 of the

Civil procedure Law. Article 64 If one party applies for

enforcement of an award while the other party applies for

cancellation of the award, the people’s court receiving such

application shall rule to suspend enforcement of the award.

If a people’s court rules to cancel an award, it shall rule

to terminate enforcement. If the people’s court overrules

the application for cancellation of an award, it shall rule

to resume enforcement.

【章名】 Chapter VII Special

provisions on Foreign-Related Arbitration Article 65 The

provisions of this Chapter shall apply to all arbitration of

disputes arising from foreign economic, trade,

transportation or maritime matters. In the absence of

provisions in this Chapter, other relevant provisions of

this Law shall apply. Article 66 A foreign arbitration

commission may be organized and established by the China

International Chamber of Commerce. A foreign arbitration

commission shall comprise one chairman, several

vice-chairmen and several committee members. The chairman,

vice-chairmen and committee members may be appointed by the

China International Chamber of Commerce. Article 67 A

foreign arbitration commission may appoint foreigners with

professional knowledge in such fields as law, economic and

trade, science and technology as arbitrators. Article 68 If

the parties to a foreign-related arbitration apply for

evidence preservation, the foreign arbitration commission

shall submit their applications to the intermediate people’s

court in the place where the evidence is located. Article 69

The arbitration tribunal of a foreign arbitration commission

may record the details of the hearing in writing or record

the essentials of the hearing in writing. The written record

of the essentials shall be signed or sealed by the parties

and other participants in the arbitration. Article 70 A

people’s court shall, after examination and verification by

its collegiate bench, rule to cancel an award if a party to

the case provides evidence proving that the arbitration

award involves one of the circumstances prescribed in Clause

1, Article 260 of the Civil Procedure Law. Article 71 A

people’s court shall, after examination and verification by

its collegiate bench, rule not to enforce an award-if the

party against whom an application is made provides evidence

proving that the arbitration award involves one of the

circumstances prescribed in Clause 1, Article 260 of the

Civil Procedure Law. Article 72 Where the party subject to

enforcement or its property is not within the territory of

the People’s Republic of China, a party applying for the

enforcement of a legally effective arbitration award shall

apply directly to the foreign court having jurisdiction for

recognition and enforcement of the award. Article 73 Foreign

arbitration rules may be formulated by the China

International Chamber of Commerce in accordance with this

Law and the relevant provisions of the Civil Procedure Law.

 

【章名】 Chapter VIII Supplementary Provisions Article 74 If

the law has stipulated a time limitation of arbitration,

such provisions of the law shall apply. If the law has not

stipulated a time limitation of arbitration, the provisions

on the limitation of actions shall apply. Article 75 The

arbitration Commission may formulate provisional arbitration

rules in accordance with this Law and the relevant

provisions of the Civil Procedure Law before the formulation

of the arbitration rules by the China Arbitration

Association. Article 76 The parties shall pay arbitration

fees in accordance with the relevant provisions. The methods

for the collection of arbitration fees shall be submitted to

the commodity prices administration department for approval.

Article 77 Arbitration of labor disputes and disputes over

contracts for undertaking agricultural projects within

agricultural collective economic organizations shall be

separately stipulated. Article 78 In the event of conflict

between the provisions on arbitration formulated before the

coming into effect of this Law and the provisions of this

Law, the provisions of this Law shall prevail. Article 79

Arbitration organs established before the coming into effect

of this Law in the municipalities directly under the Central

Government, in the municipalities where the people’s

governments of the provinces or autonomous regions and in

other cities divided into districts must be re-organized in

accordance with the relevant provisions of this Law. The

arbitration organs which are not re-organized shall be

terminated at the expiration of one year after the date of

effectiveness of this Law. All other arbitration organs

established before the implementation of this Law and not

conforming to the provisions of this Law shall be terminated

on the date of effectiveness of this Law. Article 80 This

Law shall be effective as of September 1, 1995.

Links